U.S. President Rutherford Birchard Hayes was an attorney from Ohio who joined the Union Army as an officer. He was wounded five times in the Civil War, most seriously at the Battle of South Mountain. Rutherford B. Hayes was promoted to major general during the war. Later he was elected to Congress and served there from 1865-1867. Hayes then served as governor of Ohio from 1868-1872 and 1876-1877. His election to the presidency was contentious, resulting in the Compromise of 1877, ending all federal army intervention in Southern politics. He pledged to serve only one term as president.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive and the judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law, appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The Rutherford B. Hayes biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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