John C. Calhoun hailed from South Carolina and served in the U.S. House and Senate. He was the seventh vice president under John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. He also held the positions of secretary of war and secretary of state. He was said to be an elegant speaker who was a strong proponent of slavery. He is credited with escalating threats of secession in the South as abolitionist sentiment grew in the North. John C. Calhoun had the nickname “cast-iron man” for his rigid ideology. He was a strong supporter of states’ rights and believed in nullification, where states could declare null and void federal laws they viewed as unconstitutional. Calhoun argued that a state had the right to secede, thirty years before the Civil War.
The United States Senate and House of Representatives comprise the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Each state has two senators regardless of the state’s population. U.S. senators serve staggered terms of six years. Prior to 1913, senators were appointed by their state legislatures. This changed with the 17th Amendment, which mandated senators be elected by popular vote. The Senate has the power to ratify treaties and to confirm cabinet secretaries, federal judges, Supreme Court justices and other federal executive officials.
John C. Calhoun was a member of the U.S. Senate prior to his election as vice president. Many of the men who become president and vice president first served in Congress as members of the House of Representatives or in the U.S. Senate. A number of these individuals first served in their state government as governor, state senator or in their state House of Representatives.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
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