Edmund Jennings Randolph was a delegate from Virginia to the Constitutional Convention. He introduced the Virginia Plan, as an outline for a new government, and argued against the importation of slaves. Edmund Randolph was one of only three delegates who refused to sign the Constitution, on the grounds that it lacked sufficient checks and balances. However, he did vote for ratification in 1788. He was the first U.S. Attorney General serving from 1789-1794, and the second Secretary of State in 1794, but resigned in 1795, as the result of a scandal involving the French. In 1807, he successfully defended Aaron Burr for treason.
Constitutional Convention, May-September 1787
The Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia to address the problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation. The United States Constitution that emerged established a federal government with more specific powers, such as, defining the responsibilities of foreign affairs would fall under the executive branch, and treaty ratification remained in the legislative branch. The after ratification by the states, the Constitution went into effect in 1789.
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While it started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This Edmund Randolph history mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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