Horatio Gates was a retired British soldier who joined the Continental Army as an adjutant general. He is best known for accepting the surrender of British General John Burgoyne at Saratoga on October 17, 1777. Winning this battle was a turning point in the Revolutionary War, as it prevented the British from dividing New England from the rest of the colonies. Gates was then given command of the Southern Department in 1780 but was blamed for the defeat at the Battle of Camden. He was removed from command and his reputation was destroyed. After the war, Gates freed the slaves on his Virginia estate and moved to New York where he was elected to the New York State Legislature.
The October 17, 1777, surrender of British General John Burgoyne at Saratoga was a turning point in the American Revolutionary War. American General Horatio Gates, made the decision to decline the sword offered to him by General Burgoyne, and instead treated him as a gentleman.
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While it started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This Horatio Gates history mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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