U.S. President James Monroe was the last president to have signed the Declaration of Independence. He fought and was wounded during the Revolutionary War. He studied law under Thomas Jefferson and was elected to the Senate of the first U.S. Congress. James Monroe was governor of Virginia and as a diplomat helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase. As president, he bought Florida from Spain, and with Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, he oversaw the ratification of treaties that extended the U.S. border along the 42nd Parallel to the Pacific Ocean. He supported colonies for free African Americans in what would become Liberia. In 1823, he announced U.S. opposition to European intervention in independent countries in the Americas with the Monroe Doctrine.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive and the judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law, appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The James Monroe biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
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