Red Cloud, Maȟpíya Lúta, born near the Platte River forks, was a respected leader of the Oglala Lakota from 1865-1909. He was raised by his maternal uncle, Old Chief Smoke after his parents died. He defeated the U.S. forces during Red Cloud’s War, with the largest action in 1866 during the Fetterman Fight when an 81-man detachment was killed fighting with a group of Native American allies. A U.S. peace commission endorsed assigning territories to the Plains tribes, resulting in the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868 establishing the Great Sioux Reservation. Red Cloud said They made us many promises, more than I can remember. But they kept but one – They promised to take our land … and they took it.
Red Cloud was a leader during a turbulent and transitional time for Oglala Lakota between 1865-1909. After traveling to Washington, DC he witnessed the power and number of European Americans and felt that seeking peace was the best way forward. Signed treaties were continually broken and the Red Cloud Agency was moved two more times before ending up in present-day South Dakota and renamed the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, in 1889.
This Red Cloud mug is part of our Native American biographical series. Indigenous Americans in the United States are descendants of Pre-Columbian Era people who populated these lands. Prior to 1492, there were many different nations, bands, and tribes. After contact with the Europeans who began to explore and colonize the Americas, the populations of these groups dramatically declined. During the 19th century as explorers, settlers and the military moved into the West conflicts became frequent. We would like to honor the notable men and women, from the past and the present, who deserve acknowledgment and recognition for their roles in Native American history.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.