Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Steuben also referred to as Baron von Steuben. Was a Prussian military officer who reported as a volunteer to Washington at Valley Forge. He is credited with being one of the fathers of the Continental Army in teaching them military drills, tactics, and disciplines. Baron von Steuben could only speak a little English so his drills were translated into French and then English. Colonel Alexander Hamilton and General Nathanael Greene were of great help to him in the training program. Von Steuben became a major general and in the final years of the war, he served as Washington’s chief of Staff.
As British forces occupied Philadelphia, Washington led 12,000 soldiers and 400 women and children into an encampment at Valley Forge. Winter conditions were brutal and 2,000 people died of disease. Baron von Steuben drilled and trained the soldiers, while Washington improved military organization, creating a modern United States Army.
The Revolutionary War
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While it started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies with weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This Baron von Steuben history mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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