General Charles Cornwallis served under Sir Henry Clinton during the American Revolution, where he led a successful campaign to capture New York in 1776 and pursued Washington across New Jersey and into Pennsylvania. In 1781, while commanding forces in the south, he defeated Nathanael Greene at Guilford Courthouse but lost a quarter of his men as casualties. General Charles Cornwallis marched to the Chesapeake to seek a decisive battle in Virginia, but a lack of loyalist support resulted in establishing his army in a poor defensive position at Yorktown. Besieged by land and unable to receive relief by sea because of the French navy, the surrender of the British army on October 19, 1781, was a major victory in America᾽s quest for independence.
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While it started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This General Charles Cornwallis History Mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
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