Henry Clay had been a member of the Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and Whig Parties. He was a lawyer, skilled orator, and politician. He founded the Whig Party and ran for president three times. Clay represented Kentucky in both the House and Senate and was Speaker of the House for three terms, as well as, secretary of state from 1825-1829. Henry Clay opposed the annexation of Texas because he did not want the issue of slavery injected into politics. He brokered the Nullification Crisis on slavery and helped formulate the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850. As a plantation owner, he held slaves during his life but freed them in his will. In 1957, a Senate committee named him as one of the five greatest U.S. Senators.
The secretary of state was created as part of the president᾽s cabinet beginning with the administration of George Washington. Washington created four cabinet positions to provide him with a source of key advisers, in the form of the attorney general, secretary of the treasury, secretary of state and secretary of war. Current presidential cabinets are made up of sixteen officers. Members are chosen by the president and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The secretary of state is regarded as the most senior position in the Cabinet and is fourth in line of succession to the president.
This Henry Clay history mug is part of our Secretary of State series which includes the many unique individuals who served as U.S. Secretary of State.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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