1882-1902, Supreme Court Justice, Horace Gray


This Horace Gray mug is part of our collection of US Supreme Court biographical mugs.  An image of Horace Gray and a short biography are features of this history mug.

Large Mug, 15 oz.

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Horace Gray was both an Associate and then Chief Justice on the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. In 1864, President Chester Arthur nominated Gray to the Supreme Court of the United States, where he would serve for twenty years.  He interpreted the Constitution in ways that increased the powers of Congress and supported the authority of precedent.  He was the first Supreme Court Justice to hire a law clerk and paid his salary out of his pocket.  Two years after joining the Court, Gray wrote the majority opinion in Julliard v. Greenman (1884) it was the last of the post-Civil War Legal Tender Cases that reaffirmed that Congress did have the power to issue paper money as legal tender.

US Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court of the United States, established in 1788 pursuant to Article Three of the U.S. Constitution.  It has the ultimate jurisdiction over all federal and state court cases involving federal laws.  The Court normally consists of the Chief Justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.  Justices have lifetime tenure unless they resign, retire or are removed after impeachment.  The Supreme Court is one of the three branches of the federal government which also includes the Executive (President) and Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives).

This U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Horace Gray History Mug is part of our U.S. Supreme Court series which includes all the U.S. Supreme Court Justices.

The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history.  The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton.  He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone.  The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.

  • Mugs are food and microwave safe.
  • To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
  • Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.


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