1896-1909, Supreme Court Justice, Rufus Wheeler Peckham


This Rufus Wheeler Peckham mug is part of our collection of US Supreme Court biographical mugs.  An image of Rufus Wheeler Peckham and a short biography are features of this history mug.

Large Mug, 15 oz.

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Rufus Wheeler Peckham served in both the N.Y. Supreme Court and the N.Y.  Court of Appeals.  He was active in local Democratic politics and was a delegate to the 1876 Democratic National Convention.  In 1895, President Grover Cleveland nominated him as an associate justice to the U.S. Supreme Court.  Peckham was known for using substantive due process to invalidate regulations of business and property.  In the case of Lochner v. New York (1905), his opinion was to invalidate a limitation on bakers’ working hours to sixty per week as being contrary to the individual right to freely contract and being unnecessary to protect health or safety.

US Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court of the United States, established in 1788 pursuant to Article Three of the U.S. Constitution.  It has the ultimate jurisdiction over all federal and state court cases involving federal laws.  The Court normally consists of the Chief Justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.  Justices have lifetime tenure unless they resign, retire or are removed after impeachment.  The Supreme Court is one of the three branches of the federal government which also includes the Executive (President) and Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives).

This U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Rufus Wheeler Peckham History Mug is part of our U.S. Supreme Court series which includes all the U.S. Supreme Court Justices.

The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history.  The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton.  He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone.  The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.

  • Mugs are food and microwave safe.
  • To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
  • Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.


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