1941-1954, Supreme Court Justice, Robert Houghwout Jackson


This Robert Houghwout Jackson mug is part of our collection of US Supreme Court biographical mugs.  An image of Robert Houghwout Jackson and a short biography are features of this history mug.

Large Mug, 15 oz.

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Robert Houghwout Jackson was the 57th U.S. Attorney General before being nominated to the Supreme Court in 1941 by President Franklin Roosevelt.  In the West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnett, Jackson wrote the majority opinion, overturning a school regulation requiring students to salute the flag.  In 1945, Jackson took a leave of absence from the Court when President Truman appointed him as U.S. Chief of Counsel for the prosecution of Nazi war criminals.  He helped draft the London Charter of the International Military Tribunal, which created the legal basis for the Nuremberg Trials.  He then served in Nuremberg, Germany, as Chief U.S. Prosecutor at the International Military Tribunal.

US Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court of the United States, established in 1788 pursuant to Article Three of the U.S. Constitution.  It has the ultimate jurisdiction over all federal and state court cases involving federal laws.  The Court normally consists of the Chief Justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.  Justices have lifetime tenure unless they resign, retire or are removed after impeachment.  The Supreme Court is one of the three branches of the federal government which also includes the Executive (President) and Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives).

This U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Robert Houghwout Jackson History Mug is part of our U.S. Supreme Court series which includes all the U.S. Supreme Court Justices.

The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history.  The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton.  He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone.  The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.

  • Mugs are food and microwave safe.
  • To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
  • Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.


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