U.S. President Benjamin Harrison was the grandson of the ninth U.S. president, William Henry Harrison. During the Civil War, he served as a colonel and later as a brevet brigadier general of volunteers. After the war, Benjamin Harrison became a U.S. senator from Indiana. Elected to the presidency in 1888 by defeating incumbent Grover Cleveland in the 1892 election, Harrison lost his bid for reelection when he, in turn, was defeated by Cleveland. Hallmarks of his presidency were unprecedented economic legislation including the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act. Harrison created the National Forest System with an amendment to the Land Revision Act of 1891.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive, and judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state, and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law and appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, and signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural-born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The Benjamin Harrison biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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