U.S. President Martin Van Buren was the first president to have been born a United States citizen. All his predecessors were born before the Revolution, as British subjects. He was raised in a Dutch household and was the only president who did not speak English as his first language. Martin Van Buren played a key role in organizing the Democratic Party and was a dominant figure in the Second Party System. Van Buren was secretary of state and vice president under Andrew Jackson. He was opposed to the annexation of Texas. His administration was plagued by the Panic of 1837 and the depression that followed. He lost his bid for reelection when he ran on the single-issue Free Soil or (Anti-Slavery) Party.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive and the judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law, appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The Martin Van Buren biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
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