U.S. President James Madison is hailed as the “Father of the Constitution.” As a leader in the House, he drafted the Constitution and the first ten amendments (known as the Bill of Rights). Madison and Jefferson organized the Democratic-Republican Party. As Jefferson’s secretary of state, James Madison supervised the Louisiana Purchase. During his presidency, he led the country into the War of 1812 with Britain. Like many Virginia statesmen, he owned a tobacco plantation and was a slaveholder. Because the number of seats in the U.S. Congress depended on population, and in order to have greater representation, Madison supported the Three-fifths Compromise, which counted one enslaved person as three-fifths of a person.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive, and judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state, and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law and appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, and signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural-born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The James Madison biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.