Leah Fox (1814-1890), Margaretta Fox (1833-1893) and Catherine Fox (1837-1892), were the Fox sisters who played a major role in the creation of Spiritualism. As young girls Catherine age 10 and Margaretta age 14 faked rapping sounds, by bumping an apple tied to a string, in their parents’ home creating the impression the house was haunted. As they matured the two sisters created more sophisticated means of making rapping’s with their feet, and became famous as mediums. Giving private and public séances they convinced notable people including James Fenimore Cooper, Horace Greeley and Sojourner Truth. They attracted imitators and which gave birth to the Spiritualism movement.
The religious movement known as Spiritualism developed from 1840-1920, based on the premise that spirits of the dead exist and can communicate with the living.
Many charlatans made fortunes giving readings to middle and upper class individuals. In the late 1800’s, spiritualism had more than 8,000,000 followers in the United States and Europe. While embraced by notables such as Arthur Conan Doyle and Mary Todd Lincoln, pragmatists such as Harry Houdini proved that readings were fabricated using props and trickery.
This Fox Sisters History Mug is part of our Spiritualism series which includes many unique individuals.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.