In 1760, George III succeeded to the throne. In order to increase revenue from Crown lands in America, Parliament issued taxes and excise duties. These taxes spurred the colonists to resist, claiming taxation without representation in Parliament. This resulted in the Boston Tea Party and the Battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775, and precipitated the American War of Independence that was fought for the next eight years until it formally ended in 1783.
George III, In His Own Words
The surrender at Yorktown caused Lord North to resign and the king to consider abdication. In 1785, George III met the American Minister to London, John Adams, and said “I was the last to consent to the separation; but the separation having been made and having become inevitable, I have always said, as I say now, that I would be the first to meet the friendship of the United States as an independent power.ˮ
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While the war started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies with weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years’ War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This George III History Mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.