Gordon Granger is known for his leadership at the Battle of Chickamauga where he observed the need to reinforce Major General George Thomas’ XIV Corps on Snodgrass Hill. He sent two of his brigades to charge up the hill and engage the Confederates. This action permitted Federal forces to retreat orderly and safely, and led to his promotion to brevet lieutenant colonel leading the IV Corps in the Army of the Cumberland, at the third Battle of Chattanooga. There his forces worked their way up the steep Missionary Ridge along with divisions led by Thomas Wood and Philip Sheridan and routed the Confederates under Braxton Bragg to retreat. In 1865, Gordon Granger was given command of the District of Texas and issued General Order No. 3 informing & enforcing the Emancipation Proclamation.
General Order No. 3
The Emancipation Proclamation issued on January 1, 1893, was known in Texas but had not been enforced due to a lack of a Union military presence. When Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, two and a half years later, on June 19, 1865, he issued General Order No. 3, which would be forever known as Juneteenth, a combination of the word June and nineteenth. The order was posted around the city, setting off joyful celebrations, and began the annual commemoration.
The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection therefore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired laborer…
This Gordon Granger mug is part of our Civil War series profiling participants in the War Between the States. Thousands of Confederate and Union soldiers fought in battles such as Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. We honor their sacrifices by telling their stories.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave-safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.