Henry Knox conceived and led the winter expedition of 1775 that transported 60 tons of cannon captured at Ticonderoga to Boston which broke the British siege of the city. He developed the logistics for transporting men, supplies, horses, and artillery across the Delaware River before and after the Battle of Trenton. Knox participated in the battles of Bunker Hill, Trenton, Monmouth, Brandywine, and Yorktown. In 1778 he established the Continental Army’s first artillery school.
On the night of December 25-26, 1776 Washington led a surprise attack against Trenton, N.J. Crossing the icy Delaware river was challenging but resulted in a victory for the Continental Army. Only three Americans were killed while 120 Hessians were killed or wounded and 1,000 taken as prisoners.
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While it started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies with weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This Henry Knox history mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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