Arabella Mansfield became the first female lawyer in the U.S. In 1869, she passed the bar exam in Iowa, but state law restricted the exam to white males over the age of 21. Established lawyers challenged her passing of the bar and lost, after which Iowa amended its licensing stature becoming the first state to accept women and minorities into its bar. Arabella Mansfield preferred teaching as a career and never used the license she worked so hard to achieve. She actively worked for women’s rights and supported the suffragette movement.
CIVIL RIGHTS & WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE
In the United States, women did not have the right to vote until the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920. It states The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any State on account of sex. Women’s suffrage emerged from the broader women’s rights movement of the 1840’s, and two competing organizations, one led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and another led by Lucy Stone. In 1890, they merged becoming the National American Woman Suffrage Association led by Susan B. Anthony.
This Arabella Mansfield History Mug is part of our Women’s History Biographical Series which includes many unique individuals.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.