James Monroe was an 18-year-old lieutenant in the Virginia Third Regiment of the Continental Army when he fought in the 1776 surprise attack on the Hessian encampment at Trenton. During the engagement, he suffered a major wound and lived the rest of his life with a musket ball in his shoulder. He went on to become the Secretary of War and Secretary of State before being elected as the 5th President of the United States.
On the night of December 25-26, 1776 Washington led a surprise attack against Trenton, N.J. Crossing the icy Delaware river was challenging but resulted in a victory for the Continental Army. Only three Americans were killed while 120 Hessians were killed or wounded and 1,000 taken as prisoners.
The Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It began as a revolt of the colonies against what they believed was unfair taxation. While it started as a conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen American colonies, it soon became a global conflict. France actively sided with the colonies, and the French naval fleet was instrumental in defeating the British at Yorktown. Holland supplied the colonies weapons, while Spain supplied funding and diverted British forces by fighting on a second front and winning back Spanish forts in Florida that they lost during the Seven Years War. No independent country sided with Great Britain, but Britain employed German mercenaries, known as Hessians.
This James Monroe history mug is part of our Revolutionary War series which includes many of the notable figures who played major roles during this conflict.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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