U.S. President Chester Alan Arthur was born in Vermont but grew up in New York where he became a lawyer. A brigadier general in the Union Army, he did not see combat in the Civil War. Chester A. Arthur was assigned to the Quartermaster Department, where he was responsible for housing and outfitting troops. In 1871, he was appointed to the powerful post of Collector of the Port of New York by Ulysses Grant. He was fired from that post by President Hayes in an attempt to reform the patronage system. Arthur was elected vice president in 1881 to balance the ticket, but he became president when James Garfield was assassinated. As president, Arthur took up the cause of reform and rebuilt the navy.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive and the judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law, appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The Chester A. Arthur biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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