James Monroe was the last president to have signed the Declaration of Independence. He fought and was wounded during the Revolutionary War. He studied law under Thomas Jefferson and was elected to the Senate of the first U.S. Congress. He was governor of Virginia and as a diplomat helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase. As president, he bought Florida from Spain, and with Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, he oversaw the ratification of treaties that extended the U.S. border along the 42nd Parallel to the Pacific Ocean. James Monroe supported colonies for free African Americans in what would become Liberia. In 1823, he announced U.S. opposition to European intervention in independent countries in the Americas with the Monroe Doctrine.
The United States Senate and House of Representatives comprise the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Each state has two senators regardless of the state’s population. U.S. senators serve staggered terms of six years. Prior to 1913, senators were appointed by their state legislatures. This changed with the 17th Amendment, which mandated senators be elected by popular vote. The Senate has the power to ratify treaties and to confirm cabinet secretaries, federal judges, Supreme Court justices, and other federal executive officials.
James Monroe was a member of the U.S. Senate prior to his election as president. Many of the men who become president and vice president first served in Congress as members of the House of Representatives or in the U.S. Senate. A number of these individuals first served in their state government as governor, state senator or in their state House of Representatives.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.