Lucretia and James married in 1858. They had seven children together, five of whom lived to adulthood. Lucretia Garfield was highly educated and intellectually curious, which proved to be a great aid to her husband’s political career. James Garfield was shot in the first year of his presidency. He lingered for over two months before dying, all the while Lucretia Garfield stayed by his bedside. Once widowed, she returned to her former residence in Ohio, which is now the James A. Garfield National Historic Site. Lucretia preserved her husband’s papers and other materials creating what became the first presidential library.
This Lucretia Garfield mug is part of our history mug series profiling the women who helped their husband, father, uncle, or family friend while he served as president of the United States.
Most people assume that all US presidents were assisted in the office by their spouse, but that was not always the case. Our series on the women who supported their husband, father, uncle, brother, or family friend during his term as US president is filled with many unique individuals. Women who were not married to the president served in the position when the president was a bachelor or widower, or when the wife of the president was unable to perform in the role.
The origin of the phrase First Lady may have developed informally out of cordiality. In the case of Martha Washington, she was referred to as Lady Washington during her lifetime, but that did not mean it was a chosen or official title. A newspaper article published in 1838 using the term first lady of the nation when discussing Mrs. Washington, and maybe the first published use of the term.
Originally the women served as hostesses for the many official gatherings held at the White House. Over the years they have redefined their duties and activities. Edith Roosevelt was the first to hire her own social secretary, Eleanor Roosevelt was the first to have a personal secretary, and Jackie Kennedy decided a press secretary was needed to assist her in her role.
Starting with Rosalynn Carter, there has been an Office of the First Lady of the United States which is made up of four divisions: press and research, social and personal, projects and community liaison, and schedule and advance. She was also the first to have a Chief of Staff.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.