U.S. President Herbert Clark Hoover made his fortune as a mining engineer. He was praised for humanitarian relief efforts as head of the U.S. Food Administration during WWI. He was secretary of commerce under Harding and Coolidge. The 1929 Wall Street Crash occurred less than eight months into his term. Herbert Hoover tried to stem the Great Depression with public works projects such as the Hoover Dam. He increased the top tax bracket and increased corporate taxes. Roosevelt defeated him because of the downward economic spiral and Hoover’s support of prohibition. He criticized Roosevelt’s “New Deal” policies. President Truman brought him back to make federal bureaucracy more efficient by setting up the “Hoover Commission.”
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive, and judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state, and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law and appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, and signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural-born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The Herbert Hoover biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.