Elected vice president on the Whig ticket with William Henry Harrison in 1840, John Tyler became president when Harrison died after only 32 days in office. He was the first vice president to succeed to the presidency on the death of an incumbent. He moved into the White House and assumed full presidential powers, setting a precedent that eventually became the 25th Amendment. John Tyler was a firm believer in Manifest Destiny, favoring the annexation of Texas. He opposed federalism and strongly supported states’ rights. He was not reelected in 1844 and retired to his plantation in Virginia. When the Civil War broke out, Tyler sided with the Confederacy and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives.
There are three separate branches of government in the United States; the legislative, executive and the judicial. The president is the head of the executive branch, the elected head of state and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. The executive branch is responsible for executing and enforcing federal law, appointing heads of all executive agencies and federal commissions. The president is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, issuing executive orders, signing pardons and international treaties. When legislation is passed in Congress, the president has the power to sign or veto bills. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural born citizen of the U.S., at least 35 years old, and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Elections are held every four years and the president is limited to two, four-year terms.
The John Tyler biographical history mug is part of our Presidential series. The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
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