James Buchanan was the only president who was a lifelong bachelor. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania, but also served as minister to Russia under Jackson and secretary of state under Polk. James Buchanan turned down an offer for an appointment to the Supreme Court. Buchanan, a Democrat, won the presidency in a three-way race with John Fremont and Millard Fillmore. As a northerner with Southern sympathies, he was called a “doughface.” He viewed secession as illegal, although he felt going to war to prevent it was also illegal. Historians consider his failure to deal with secession the worst presidential mistake ever made.
The United States Senate and House of Representatives comprise the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Each state has two senators regardless of the state’s population. U.S. senators serve staggered terms of six years. Prior to 1913, senators were appointed by their state legislatures. This changed with the 17th Amendment, which mandated senators be elected by popular vote. The Senate has the power to ratify treaties and to confirm cabinet secretaries, federal judges, Supreme Court justices, and other federal executive officials.
James Buchanan was a member of the U.S. Senate prior to his election as president. Many of the men who become president and vice president first served in Congress as members of the House of Representatives or in the U.S. Senate. A number of these individuals first served in their state government as governor, state senator or in their state House of Representatives.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.