Arthur St. Clair was born in Scotland and served in the British Army before accepting a commission in the Continental Army. In 1777, St. Clair defended Fort Ticonderoga, but his small garrison could not hold against the larger British forces of John Burgoyne, resulting in St. Clair’s abandonment of Fort Ticonderoga. He was present at Yorktown when Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army. St. Clair became the 15th president of the Continental Congress.
The Confederation Congress, 1781-1789
In 1781, the Articles of Confederation established the United States as a collection of 13 sovereign states and served as the country’s first constitution. It was in force from 1781 until 1789 when the current Constitution went into effect. The Articles of Confederation established a league of friendship for the independent states and consisted of a legislative body with no executive or judicial branch. Every state had one vote in the Confederation Congress. In 1787, the Constitutional Convention assembled to redesign the government creating the U.S. Constitution which was ratified in 1789 and is in effect today.
The biographical History Mugs were created to teach and inspire individuals to learn about our diverse and interesting history. The biographies were researched and written by history enthusiast, Robert Compton. He colorized most of the historic photos and images used on the mugs, which were originally black and white or sepia-tone. The images and biographies are imprinted on mugs at his studio in rural Vermont.
- Mugs are food and microwave-safe.
- To preserve photographic quality we recommend hand washing.
- Mugs are usually shipped within 3-5 days.